Dr K. Steinhaus: Fall 2014

Office: UP 2004

Office Phone:  (407) 708-2079

Email: steinhausk@seminolestate.edu

Office hours:

Mon/Wed: 10:45-12:30 & 1:45-2:30

Tues/Thurs: 9:15-11. Tuesdays only: 12:15-2

Additional office hours are available by appointment.

For additional research  help contact:

Jeanne Larsen, Humanities Liaison Librarian: larsenj@seminolestate.edu; 407.708.2616


* Western Civ. Two-- Monday/Wednesday 12:30-1:45 Section:

Awesome Map: http://loiter.co/v/watch-as-1000years-of-european-boarders-change/

Attend, and bring ticket stub for extra credit: http://www.orlandoshakes.org/plays-events/les_miserables.html#.VBoWOvldUek​  OR Watch any film version, and write 100 words for extra credit!

Reflection Paper #7 due Wednesday 22 October: As we’ve discussed in class, nationalism was a new idea in Europe after the French Revolution. Describe how it influenced German unification, Italian unification, and the new Austria-Hungary that came from the Holy Roman Empire. Could any of these events have happened without this new spirit of nationalism (especially nationalism based in cultural pride like pride in language)?

Read for Class on Monday 20 October: Alphonse Daudet's "Last Class:" http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/5998/

Reflection Paper #8: (Due Wednesday 29 October) Option One-- World War One is not remembered in the U.S. the way it is in the rest of the world. Why is it so important to the European countries? Why was it groundbreaking? OR Option Two-- Many of the decisions made at the Paris Peace Conference and contained in the Treaty of Versailles ended up failing spectacularly in terms of keeping the world from another war. Describe what went wrong and who might be to blame. Did the European victors refuse to change, was the United States naïve, was Germany a sore loser, or was Central Europe so mixed up that it would inevitably explode again no matter who did what after the First World War?

Wilson's Fourteen Points: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1918wilson.html Also, read Sources book: Horrors of War (4th edition pages 226-9 and 3rd edition pages 211-4)

Reflection Paper #9 (Due Thursday 6 November): What are the key ideas behind fascism, and how might these have encouraged the ideology’s spread?

Read the second document on this link (letter to the Central Committee) about gulag life under Stalin: http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/111stal.html

Reflection Paper #10 (due Wednesday 12 November): Do you agree with the way the world’s other great powers allowed fascist Germany and Italy to take Ethiopia, Austria, and Czechoslovakia? Why didn’t they intervene sooner?  Also, check out Sources book pages 249-252 (in 4th edition or 230-3 in 3rd edition) to read Neville Chamberlin on what went down in Munich over Czechoslovakia and appeasement!!

Reflection Paper #11 (Due Wednesday 19 November): We covered many of the “highlights” of World War II in class. Pick one of these that you find particularly significant, either as a turning point or as an event emblematic of the conflict, and explain why you think it is particularly important. If you choose to, you can discuss how Nazi mass murder changed the world instead. Just do not forget to cite anything you use outside of lecture notes!!!!

Reflection Paper #12 (Due with final exam): Describe the struggles between Stalin-style Communist hardliners and attempts at reform in the Soviet Union that occurred from Stalin’s death in 1953 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1993. Do you think greater willingness to reform was the death sentence for communism (“give them an inch, and they’ll take a mile”), or do you think reform would’ve saved communism if it hadn’t been opposed by hardliners?

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE (for exam on Wednesday 3 December):

The Western Civilizations II final exam will contain 18 of the following short answer questions. Your answers should consist of several sentences each. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.

Possible Short Answer Questions:

1. Describe the Nuremberg Trials. What were they, who was prosecuted in them, and why were they a revolution in foreign relations?

2. Who were the Bolsheviks? What was their motto when they took power, and how did it end World War I for Russia?

3. Who tried to “sort out” central Europe’s nationality conflicts to prevent another war after World War II, and how did he do this?

4. What were the Danzig Corridor and the Sudetenland? What were their roles in the outbreak of World War II?

5. Who was Eichmann? How was he finally brought to justice for his crimes?

6. What was destalinization, and who started it? What happened to this politician for his efforts?

7. Why does it matter that the Allied Powers chose not to march to Berlin at the end of World War One?

8. What was the Schlieffen Plan, and why did it fail? Also, how did its failure prolong the First World War?

9. What factors influenced the youth revolts of the 1960s in Europe? What additional factor did Germany have, and how did it lead to explosive violence?

10. How did Hitler come to power in Germany? How did he secure power once he had it?

11. What was the Berlin Airlift? Why did it matter?

12. What event sparked World War One? How did the alliances lead from a conflict between two or three countries to a WORLD war?

13. What were the main ideas behind Wilson’s Fourteen Points at the Paris Peace Conference? Did any of these succeed? Why?

14. What new advances occurred that made World War One radically different from the wars that came before it?

15. How did France move from the Third Republic, through the Fourth Republic, and finally into the Fifth Republic? (aka. What was the rationale behind so many republics in so little time?!)

16. Roughly six million Jews died in the Holocaust. Who else died in the Holocaust, and how did these individuals die (aka. what were the stages in the genocide)?

17. Describe how and why Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935. How did Italy get away with this?

18. Describe how Gorbachev contributed to the collapse of communism. Did he mean to eradicate it in the Soviet Union? If not, what did he mean to do?

19. Mussolini was removed from power twice in Italy. Describe what happened the first time and what happened the second time.

20. When and why was the Berlin Wall built? When did it come down?

21. What was appeasement? How was it positive? What two (or arguably three) countries suffered from it in the build up to World War II?

22. What were the two main views in the Russian Civil War of the 1920s? Who was in each camp? Who won, and why?

23. Who were the first victims of the Holocaust to be systematically murdered, and why did this program eventually end?

24. How did the Soviet Union end up in charge of Eastern Europe? What organization did it use to solidify its hold of these nations in opposition to NATO? (Give details of how Germany and Berlin in particular were split!)

25. The White Rose Movement and the July 20th plot were both German attempts to dislodge Hitler from power. Describe both of these, and compare their motivations.

26. Why did France insist Germany pay reparations after World War One? What was Germany’s reaction to this?

27. What was the Maginot Line? Why is its failure not very surprising to most people?

* Western Civ. Two-- Tues./ Thurs. 11-12:15 Section:

Awesome Map: http://loiter.co/v/watch-as-1000years-of-european-boarders-change/

Attend, and bring ticket stub for extra credit: http://www.orlandoshakes.org/plays-events/les_miserables.html#.VBoWOvldUek​  OR Watch any film version, and write 100 words for extra credit!

Reflection Paper #7 (due Sunday 26 October): As we’ve discussed in class, nationalism was a new idea in Europe after the French Revolution. Describe how it influenced German unification, Italian unification, and the new Austria-Hungary that came from the Holy Roman Empire. Could any of these events have happened without this new spirit of nationalism (especially nationalism based in cultural pride like pride in language)?

Alphonse Daudet's "The Last Class:" http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/5998/

Reflection Paper #8: (Due Thursday 30 October) World War One is not remembered in the U.S. the way it is in the rest of the world. Why is it so important to the European countries? Why was it groundbreaking?

Also, read Sources book: Horrors of War (4th edition pages 226-9 and 3rd edition pages 211-4)

Reflection #9 (Due Thursday 6 November): Many of the decisions made at the Paris Peace Conference and contained in the Treaty of Versailles ended up failing spectacularly in terms of keeping the world from another war. Describe what went wrong and who might be to blame. Did the European victors refuse to change, was the United States naïve, was Germany a sore loser, or was Central Europe so mixed up that it would inevitably explode again no matter who did what after the First World War?

Wilson's Fourteen Points: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1918wilson.html Also, read Sources book: Horrors of War (4th edition pages 226-9 and 3rd edition pages 211-4)

Read the second document on this link (letter to the Central Committee) about gulag life under Stalin: http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/111stal.html

Reflection Paper #10 (due Wednesday 12 November): Do you agree with the way the world’s other great powers allowed fascist Germany and Italy to take Ethiopia, Austria, and Czechoslovakia? Why didn’t they intervene sooner?  Also, check out Sources book pages 249-252 (in 4th edition or 230-3 in 3rd edition) to read Neville Chamberlin on what went down in Munich over Czechoslovakia and appeasement!!

Reflection Paper #11 (Due Monday 24 November): We covered many of the “highlights” of World War II in class. Pick one of these that you find particularly significant, either as a turning point or as an event emblematic of the conflict, and explain why you think it is particularly important. If you choose to, you can discuss how Nazi mass murder changed the world instead. Just do not forget to cite anything you use outside of lecture notes!!!

Reflection Paper #12 (Due with final exam): Describe the struggles between Stalin-style Communist hardliners and attempts at reform in the Soviet Union that occurred from Stalin’s death in 1953 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1993. Do you think greater willingness to reform was the death sentence for communism (“give them an inch, and they’ll take a mile”), or do you think reform would’ve saved communism if it hadn’t been opposed by hardliners?

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE (for exam on Tuesday 9 December):

The Western Civilizations II final exam will contain 18 of the following short answer questions. Your answers should consist of several sentences each. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.

Possible Short Answer Questions:

1. Describe the Nuremberg Trials. What were they, who was prosecuted in them, and why were they a revolution in foreign relations?

2. Who were the Bolsheviks? What was their motto when they took power, and how did it end World War I for Russia?

3. Who tried to “sort out” central Europe’s nationality conflicts to prevent another war after World War II, and how did he do this?

4. What were the Danzig Corridor and the Sudetenland? What were their roles in the outbreak of World War II?

5. Who was Eichmann? How was he finally brought to justice for his crimes?

6. What was destalinization, and who started it? What happened to this politician for his efforts?

7. Why does it matter that the Allied Powers chose not to march to Berlin at the end of World War One?

8. What was the Schlieffen Plan, and why did it fail? Also, how did its failure prolong the First World War?

9. What factors influenced the youth revolts of the 1960s in Europe? What additional factor did Germany have, and how did it lead to explosive violence?

10. How did Hitler come to power in Germany? How did he secure power once he had it?

11. What was the Berlin Airlift? Why did it matter?

12. What event sparked World War One? How did the alliances lead from a conflict between two or three countries to a WORLD war?

13. What were the main ideas behind Wilson’s Fourteen Points at the Paris Peace Conference? Did any of these succeed? Why?

14. What new advances occurred that made World War One radically different from the wars that came before it?

15. How did France move from the Third Republic, through the Fourth Republic, and finally into the Fifth Republic? (aka. What was the rationale behind so many republics in so little time?!)

16. Roughly six million Jews died in the Holocaust. Who else died in the Holocaust, and how did these individuals die (aka. what were the stages in the genocide)?

17. Describe how and why Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935. How did Italy get away with this?

18. Describe how Gorbachev contributed to the collapse of communism. Did he mean to eradicate it in the Soviet Union? If not, what did he mean to do?

19. Mussolini was removed from power twice in Italy. Describe what happened the first time and what happened the second time.

20. When and why was the Berlin Wall built? When did it come down?

21. What was appeasement? How was it positive? What two (or arguably three) countries suffered from it in the build up to World War II?

22. What were the two main views in the Russian Civil War of the 1920s? Who was in each camp? Who won, and why?

23. Who were the first victims of the Holocaust to be systematically murdered, and why did this program eventually end?

24. How did the Soviet Union end up in charge of Eastern Europe? What organization did it use to solidify its hold of these nations in opposition to NATO? (Give details of how Germany and Berlin in particular were split!)

25. The White Rose Movement and the July 20th plot were both German attempts to dislodge Hitler from power. Describe both of these, and compare their motivations.

26. Why did France insist Germany pay reparations after World War One? What was Germany’s reaction to this?

27. What was the Maginot Line? Why is its failure not very surprising to most people?

 * Western Civ. One:

Reflection Question #7 (due Thursday 23 October): We talked a lot about the importance of towns. Why did they emerge, and why did they matter so much? Feel free to cite the Magna Carta http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/magnacarta.asp in your essay!

Read for the week of October 21/ 23: Sources book (pages 215-226 in 4th edition, but 206-211 and 214-9 in 3rd edition) on Medieval Universities and Courtly Love

Reflection Question #8 (due Thursday 30 October): How did the the Terry Jones video agree or disagree with concepts around knighthood and feudalism (or critiques of feudalism) we've discussed previously in the course? You can write a 1 paragraph essay of 150 words if you include an impressive drawing of a heraldic device or knight!  Also, read excerpt from Boccaccio's Decameron: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/boccacio2.asp

Reflection Question #9 (due Thursday 6 November): We've talked about Britain, France, and several other countries as they moved from the Middle Ages towards the Renaissance. Describe how some of these countries seemed to come closer to unified states with their modern borders, a single monarch, and more centralized governments based on our class sessions this week! I recommend using thoughts about peasants and plagues (demanding more rights post-plague) as at least one example. See the Boccaccio reading and the Walsingham reading in your Sources book (ed 4 pages 259-262/ ed 3 pages 251-4)

Reflection Paper #10 (due Thursday 13 November): In class, we discussed the difference between a Medieval worldview and a Renaissance/ Early Modern one. Compare and contrast the two based on Thursday's lecture and our previous classes on the Middle Ages. (You may want to check out the reading on Erasmus we discussed in class-- see link below-- or check out pages 261-5 in the Sources book.) Are the two periods radically different or not?

http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/212eras.html

Reflection Paper #11 (Due Thursday 20 November): How does the documentary on the Medici reflect some of the changes in politics and society during the Renaissance which we discussed in class last week?

Reflection Paper #12 (due Thursday 4 December): For many years, the Reformation has been seen as one of the most important turning points in European history. Based on our class discussions, do you believe this is true? Why, or why not?

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE (for exam on either 9 or 11 December):

The Western Civilizations I midterm exam will contain 18 of the following short answer questions. Your answers should consist of several sentences each. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.

Possible Short Answer Questions:

1. Why was there a Norman Conquest of England? Also, name at least two of its results for that country.

2. What was scholasticism?

3. How were castles a part of the strategy England’s King Edward I had to conquer Wales?

4. What is a guild? How did guilds interact with government in many towns?

5. Why is Ivan the Terrible not just creepy but an essential part of Russian political history?

6. What is humanism?

7. Describe the impact the Black Death (or Great Plague) had on Europe in at least one area of life.

8. Why did the Hundred Years’ War take place?

9. Who fought the Wars of the Roses? Who finally won?

10. What were investiture conflicts, and how did they demonstrate the pope’s temporal AND spiritual power in the Middle Ages?

11. Why are some historians critical of the term “feudalism?”

12. What virtues should a Renaissance courtier have? How were these different than the expectations for a knight during the Middle Ages?

13. Italy looked very different in the Renaissance from the rest of Europe. What sort of governments existed there, and how did they evolve in such a unique way?

14. What was the Bonfire of the Vanities, and how does it show the religious anxiety that survived from the Middles Ages to the Renaissance period?

15. What was the Counter-Reformation? Why was Baroque art part of it?

16. What was the Treaty of Westphalia, and how was it a change from the Peace of Augsburg?

17. Why is Mary I of England remembered as “Bloody Mary?”

18. How were Martin Luther and Jean Calvin’s views of Protestantism different?

19. What made Lorenzo so Magnificent in Renaissance Florence? How did he build family power?

20. What happened during the 1378 Great Schism? How did it affect some Europeans’ perception of the Church?

21. Why is Charlemagne so important in European history? Why is his ancestor Peppin almost as famous?

22. Define three of the following terms in the context of the course: Gothic, chantry, grotesques, labyrinthe, relic, purgatory, chivalry, heretic.

23. What was the “Reconquista” of Spain? Who suffered from it? Who made it happen?

24. Who invented the printing press? Why would some argue this was one of the most important inventions in European history (aka. How did it change society)?

25. Describe the historical significance of either Joan of Arc or England’s Henry V. Remember that we saw Shakespeare’s interpretation of one figure and read a letter from another!

26. Who was Machiavelli? What ideas did he have about government leadership?

27. Why do some historians prefer to call the Renaissance the Early Modern era?

28. How did the personal life of Henry VIII become a spiritual crisis for an entire nation?

* 20th-century Humanities (8-9:15 & 9:30-10:45):

Reflection Paper #7 (due Thursday 22 October): Simon Schama's series is called The Power of Art. Why does he argue Rothko's art is so powerful, and do you agree? Here is a link to the Seagram murals at their final display in London's Tate Modern: http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=1875&page=1

Reflection Paper #8 (Due Wednesday 29 October): As we discussed in class, some viewers find pop art celebrates advertising and commercial culture, while others believe it criticizes these things. Which do you believe pop art does, and why? (Note: You can choose both if you want to, but there is no wrong answer.) Please mention at least one of the artists we discussed in class.

Reflection Paper #9 (Due Wednesday 5 November): On Wednesday, we discussed politics and liberation movements, and we’ve discussed politics and history before in class. Why do these things pop up again and again in a Humanities course? (Note: They’re in your text book so it’s not just because I’m a historian teaching the class!!) Explain how one of the movements we discussed in class might be important to art, literature, or music. (This can be a hypothetical example instead of a specific artist, etc., for example, how stirring events might have inspired poets, etc.) You can also use the Great Migration/ the Harlem Renaissance as an example!

Reflection Paper #10 (Due Wednesday 12 November): What does the film say about the power of music to impact politics and society?

Reflection Paper #11 (Due Wednesday 19 November): Using one or more of the contemporary art examples from class to illustrate your argument, explain what you think it takes to make something art—or what it takes to make something “not art.”

Reflection Paper #12 (Due Wednesday 3 December): Choose 1 or 2 of the themes we’ve discussed in the Al-Hamlet Summit that you find particularly important. Using action or language excerpts from the play, explain what makes these themes so central to the plot so far!

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE (for exams on either December 8 or 10):

The 20th and 21st Century Humanities final exam will contain 10 of the following short answer questions. There will be one essay on the exam. To do well on the test, your answer to the essay should be at least 4 paragraphs. There should be an introduction and a conclusion to the essay, and it will be graded according to the same percentages as your weekly reflection papers. The only difference is that I will be more generous with grammar and spelling because you are writing in class instead of at home with time to revise and spell check or a dictionary. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.

Possible Short Answer Questions:

  1. What was the “British Invasion,” and why was it important to the development of American popular music?

  2. Who popularized the term “Black Power,” and what did it mean?

  3. Describe the background behind Picasso’s painting, Guernica.

  4. Simon Schama discussed how Mark Rothko turned down a famous commission worth quite a lot of money. What was the commission, and why did he turn it down?

  5. What was the Harlem Renaissance? Name at least one artist, author, or musician in your answer.

  6. Give at least two elements of American culture changed by rock and roll music. Briefly explain how they changed and why.

  7. Why is Allan Ginsberg’s poem “Howl” considered groundbreaking?

  8. What did Sartre mean when he said “existence precedes essence,” and how is this the very core of existentialism?

  9. What was South African apartheid, and how were the townships a part of that system?

  10. Define abstract expressionism, and name at least one painter in this movement.

  11. How did Walter Benjamin compare fascism and communism? What did he mean by this?

  12. Who was Mahalia Jackson? How was she symbolic of the link between the early Civil Rights movement and religion in parts of the South?

  13. Who was Vuyisile Mini (the man reburied as a hero in Amandla)? Why was he important to the struggle for freedom in South Africa?

  14. Who was Senator Joe McCarthy, and how did he impact the arts?

  15. Compare second and third wave feminism.

  16. What was pop art, and how did it respond to consumer culture in America?

  17. What was the toyi-toyi? How was it used, and during what part of the struggle in South Africa?

  18. We discussed two contrasting positions artists and authors in the early twentieth-century had towards how to develop a cultural identity for Black Americans. What were these, and how were they different?

  19. What two styles of music combined to make early rock and roll? What did each contribute?

Essay Question

* Women, Gender, & Culture (Honors Humanities):

Reflection Paper #6 (due Thursday 16 October): What sorts of roles did women have in creative partnerships we talked about in class? Why do you think there were fewer men in the sorts of roles women had?

For the week of October 20-23: Read second half of Guerrilla Girls text book.

Reflection Paper #7 (Due Thursday 23 October): As we've discussed muses, we've also discussed some (often dysfunctional) relationships that impacted artists or authors’ creativity. What are some examples of these? What do they say about the impact of society’s norms and expectations to influence the creative process?

Reflection Paper #8 (Due Thursday 30 October): Describe some of the ways women and men rebelled against gender norms in the lecture this week. It must have taken extraordinary courage to break away from social conventions. Do you think it is as hard today to do this?

Reflection Paper #9 (Due Thursday 6 November): How is Kehinde Wiley's art an example of "rebellious" work (aka. work that challenges gender, race, and class images presented by the mainstream media)?

Reflection Paper #10 (Due Thursday 13 November): In class, we discussed terms like exceptionalism, exploitation, exoticization (one example of which is Orientalism), infantilization, and tokenism.  Using at least one of these terms and at least one example of art from class, describe how empire and its ideas of race impacted the humanities. Pay special attention to gender when you talk about these examples. Browse through some of the attached link to Edward Said's work on Orientalism and critiques of Said: http://www.postcolonialweb.org/poldiscourse/said/saidov.html

Article on Kim Kardashian and Hottentot Venus: http://thegrio.com/2014/11/12/kim-kardashian-butt/

Reflection Paper #11 (due Thursday 4 December): Read Fitzgerald's "Bernice Bobs her Hair."  http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/engl494/bernicebobs.pdf How does this story demonstrate the idea of gender performance discussed in class? Is there a modern equivalent to bobbed hair?

***** Our amazing guest speaker, Bushra Anwar (cell 703-581-2781) has invited anyone interested to join a celebration of The Holy Prophet Mohammad (pboh) at the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Center (Orlando Chapter) at 9501 Satelitte Blvd #103, Orlando, FL 32837 on Saturday 22 November from 3-5 including refreshments and tea with social time.******

BOOK DISCUSSION MEETINGS:

In order to succeed in your Book Discussion Meeting you should be able to do the following 5 things:

  1. Tell me roughly what happens in the book (or the part you've read thus far).

  2. Provide me with a thoughtful opinion of the book. This is personal and need not be the same as mine-- HOWEVER, I'm looking for evidence that you've let yourself think about this book a bit.

  3. Connect the book to gender concepts in the class in some way. You can talk about the author if you choose to do outside research on her (in this case email me a rough list of sources you consulted before/ after our meeting), or you can just talk about the book's contents without doing any research for context. Your decision to outside research or not will NOT impact your grade on this assignment. Instead, it is simply a way that some students may feel more comfortable and prepared, depending on their study habits/ learning styles.

  4. Ask me any questions or concerns you have about the book. Questions of signs of confusion are just evidence to me that you've been thinking about things because #5 is....

  5. Answer any questions I have about what you thought of a theme or scene. These will not be about minute details. A sample question based on the Hemingway story: " So, what did you think of the shooting? Do you think she did it deliberately or not?" Then, you would ideally have something to say back to me without going "what shooting?"

We will choose your second book at the meeting so that the second book will complement the first!!!