Dr K. Steinhaus: Summer 2014
Office: UP 2004
Office Phone: (407) 708-2079
Office hours: MTWR 11:40- 2 or 3
Additional office hours are available by appointment.
For additional research help contact:
Jeanne Larsen, Humanities Liaison Librarian:
* Western Civ. Two:
Extra Credit: Write a suggestion for an event that SSC could hold to mark the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of World War One this fall (2014)!!!!! This should be something that students would find worth attending....
Reflection Paper Four due Sunday 8 June: Option One: As we’ve discussed in class, patriotism was a new idea in Europe after the French Revolution. Describe how it influenced German unification, Italian unification, and the new Austria-Hungary that came from the Holy Roman Empire. Could any of these events have happened without this new spirit of patriotism (especially patriotism based in cultural pride like pride in language)? OR Option Two: World War One is not remembered in the U.S. the way it is in the rest of the world. Why is it so important to the European countries? Why was it groundbreaking?
Links to some sites with World War One Casualty Figures: http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/resources/casdeath_pop.html and http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/World_War_I_casualties.html (The second site links to both current and past borders plus more colonies that fought!)
Reflection Paper Five due Sunday 15 June: Option One: Many of the decisions made at the Paris Peace Conference and contained in the Treaty of Versailles ended up failing spectacularly in terms of keeping the world from another war. Describe what went wrong and who might be to blame. Did the European victors refuse to change, was the United States naïve, was Germany a sore loser, or was Central Europe so mixed up that it would inevitably explode again no matter who did what after the First World War? OR Option Two: Do you agree with the way the world’s other great powers allowed fascist Germany and Italy to take Ethiopia, Austria, and Czechoslovakia? Why didn’t they intervene sooner?
Reflection Paper Six due Friday 20 June: Option One: We covered many of the “highlights” of World War II in class. Pick one of these that you find particularly significant, either as a turning point or as an event emblematic of the conflict, and explain why you think it is particularly important. If you choose to, you can discuss how Nazi mass murder changed the world instead. OR Option Two: Describe the struggles between Stalin-style Communist hardliners and attempts at reform in the Soviet Union that occurred from Stalin’s death in 1953 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1993. Do you think greater willingness to reform was the death sentence for communism (“give them an inch, and they’ll take a mile”), or do you think reform would’ve saved communism if it hadn’t been opposed by hardliners?
Read for last week of class: Stroop Report on the Warsaw Ghetto: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/nowarsaw.html
WESTERN CIV. II FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE:
The Western Civilizations II final exam will contain 18 of the following short answer questions. Your answers should consist of several sentences each. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.
Possible Short Answer Questions:
1. Describe the Nuremberg Trials. What were they, who was prosecuted in them, and why were they a revolution in foreign relations?
3. Who tried to “sort out” central Europe’s nationality conflicts to prevent another war after World War II, and how did he do this?
4. What were the Danzig Corridor and the Sudetenland? What were their roles in the outbreak of World War II?
5. Who was Eichmann? How was he finally brought to justice for his crimes?
6. What was destalinization, and who started it? What happened to this politician for his efforts?
7. Why does it matter that the Allied Powers chose not to march to Berlin at the end of World War One?
8. What was the Schlieffen Plan, and why did it fail? Also, how did its failure prolong the First World War?
9. What factors influenced the youth revolts of the 1960s in Europe? What additional factor did Germany have, and how did it lead to explosive violence?
10. How did Hitler come to power in Germany? How did he secure power once he had it?
11. What was the Berlin Airlift? Why did it matter?
12. What event sparked World War One? How did the alliances lead from a conflict between two or three countries to a WORLD war?
13. What were the main ideas behind Wilson’s Fourteen Points at the Paris Peace Conference? Did any of these succeed? Why?
14. What new advances occurred that made World War One radically different from the wars that came before it?
15. How did France move from the Third Republic, through the Fourth Republic, and finally into the Fifth Republic? (aka. What was the rationale behind so many republics in so little time?!)
16. Roughly six million Jews died in the Holocaust. Who else died in the Holocaust, and how did these individuals die (aka. what were the stages in the genocide)?
17. Describe how and why Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935. How did Italy get away with this?
18. Describe how Gorbachev contributed to the collapse of communism. Did he mean to eradicate it in the Soviet Union? If not, what did he mean to do?
19. Mussolini was removed from power twice in Italy. Describe what happened the first time and what happened the second time.
20. When and why was the Berlin Wall built? When did it come down?
21. What was appeasement? How was it positive? What two (or arguably three) countries suffered from it in the build up to World War II?
22. What were the two main views in the Russian Civil War of the 1920s? Who was in each camp? Who won, and why?
23. Who were the first victims of the Holocaust to be systematically murdered, and why did this program eventually end?
24. How did the Soviet Union end up in charge of Eastern Europe? What organization did it use to solidify its hold of these nations in opposition to NATO? (Give details of how Germany and Berlin in particular were split!)
25. The White Rose Movement and the July 20th plot were both German attempts to dislodge Hitler from power. Describe both of these, and compare their motivations.
26. Why did France insist Germany pay reparations after World War One? What was Germany’s reaction to this?
27. What was the Maginot Line? Why is its failure not very surprising to most people?
* 20th-century Humanities:
Extra Credit: At the end of reflection paper 2 or 3, write a suggestion for an event that SSC could hold to mark the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of World War One this fall (2014)!!!!! This should be something that students would find worth attending....
Reflection Paper Four due Sunday 8 June: Option One: Simon Schama's series is called The Power of Art. Why does he argue Rothko's art is so powerful, and do you agree? Here is a link to the Seagram murals at their final display in London's Tate Modern: http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=1875&page=1 OR Option Two: As we discussed in class, some viewers find pop art celebrates advertising and commercial culture, while others believe it criticizes these things. Which do you believe pop art does, and why? (Note: You can choose both if you want to, but there is no wrong answer.) Please mention at least one of the artists we discussed in class.
Reflection Paper Five due Sunday 15 June: On Tuesday, we discussed politics and liberation movements, and we’ve discussed politics and history before in class. Why do these things pop up again and again in a Humanities course? (Note: They’re in your text book so it’s not just because I’m a historian teaching the class!!) Explain how one of the movements we discussed in class might be important to art, literature, or music. (This can be a hypothetical example instead of a specific artist, etc., for example, how stirring events might have inspired poets, etc.)
Reflection Paper Six due Friday 20 June: What does the film say about the power of music to impact politics and society? Also, why is the struggle against Apartheid sometimes called a “singing revolution”? (For example, why were songwriters considered dangerous enough to execute in some cases under the Apartheid regime in South Africa?) Be sure to mention different periods in the struggle in your answer!
HUMANITIES FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE:
The 20th and 21st Century Humanities final exam will contain 15 of the following short answer questions. You will be expected to choose 10 from the 15 I select and answer them. Your answers should consist of about a few sentences each. There will be one essay on the exam. (I will pick 2 of the 3 questions below and put it on the test, and you will choose 1 from the 2 I select to answer.) To do well on the test, your answer to the essay should be at least 4 paragraphs. There should be an introduction and a conclusion to the essay, and it will be graded according to the same percentages as your weekly reflection papers. The only difference is that I will be more generous with grammar and spelling because you are writing in class instead of at home with time to revise and spell check or a dictionary. During the exam, you will be expected to stay in the room with cell phones off and all materials you need to take the test (aka. Bring your own pens or pencils). The exam will take the whole class period, and you may leave when you finish.
Possible Short Answer Questions:
What is the Venice Biennale? Why is it famous/ important?
What was the “British Invasion,” and why was it important to the development of American popular music?
Who popularized the term “Black Power,” and what did it mean?
Describe the background behind Picasso’s painting, Guernica.
Simon Schama discussed how Mark Rothko turned down a famous commission worth quite a lot of money. What was the commission, and why did he turn it down?
What was the Harlem Renaissance? Name at least one artist, author, or musician in your answer.
Give at least two elements of American culture changed by rock and roll music. Briefly explain how they changed and why.
Why is Allan Ginsberg’s poem “Howl” considered groundbreaking?
Why did we use Robert Mapplethorpe as an example of how gender and sexuality politics impacted the arts in the second part of the 20th century?
What did Sartre mean when he said “existence precedes essence,” and how is this the very core of existentialism?
What was South African apartheid, and how were the townships a part of that system?
Define abstract expressionism, and name at least one painter in this movement.
How did Walter Benjamin compare fascism and communism? What did he mean by this?
Who was Mahalia Jackson? How was she symbolic of the link between the early Civil Rights movement and religion in parts of the South?
Who was Vuyisile Mini (the man reburied as a hero in Amandla)? Why was he important to the struggle for freedom in South Africa?
Who was Senator Joe McCarthy, and how did he impact the arts?
Compare second and third wave feminism.
What was pop art, and how did it respond to consumer culture in America?
What was the toyi-toyi? How was it used, and during what part of the struggle in South Africa?
We discussed two contrasting positions artists and authors in the early twentieth-century had towards how to develop a cultural identity for Black Americans. What were these, and how were they different?
What two styles of music combined to make early rock and roll? What did each contribute?
The Al-Hamlet Summit was part of our course so that we could examine globalism, post-modernism, and the “Information Age.” Describe what happens in the play (the basic plot) and how these three things fit into the plot.